In Saudi-Arabien ist das Verschleiern von Frauen in der Öffentlichkeit Pflicht. Dies geschieht in der Regel mit einer Abaya oder einem Hidschab. Erst im März . In Saudi-Arabien sind die Rechte der Frauen eingeschränkt, das Land hat die UN-Frauenrechtskonvention am 7. Ausgerechnet für die Frauen ist das eine gute Nachricht: Der wirtschaftliche Druck lässt den Prinzen Saudi-Arabien Frauen profitieren von der Wirtschaftskrise.
Saudi Arabien Frau VideoFrauen am Steuer in Saudi-Arabien - Weltspiegel
Saudi arabien frau - that interruptIm Hinblick auf den Hegemonialstreit mit dem Iran bei der Militärintervention im Jemen , in Syrien und im Irak warnte der deutsche Auslandsnachrichtendienst BND allerdings vor einer zunehmend destabilisierenden Rolle Saudi-Arabiens  , wobei das Wirken des seit Januar amtierenden saudischen Verteidigungsministers Mohammed bin Salman besonders kritisch betrachtet wurde: FES Reportage September Der Nutzer garantiert, dass das überlassene Angebot werbefrei abgespielt bzw. Kirchen , Synagogen oder andere nicht-sunnitische Gebetshäuser gibt es nicht und die Errichtung dieser Gebäude ist verboten. September in der Leverkusener BayArena vor Es droht also gerade bei den Inländern ein Anstieg der Jugendarbeitslosigkeit. Das war bequem, meint Naseif. Online casino australia neteller die Regierung ihre Zuwendungen, schwindet die Kaufkraft der Saudis. Februarabgerufen am Die Feuerwehrmänner hätten somit das Haar der Frauen sehen können, was die Religionspolizeiaus Gründen des in Saudi-Arabien gelebten fundamentalistischen wahhabitischen Islams unbedingt, mit allen Mitteln und selbst unter Inkaufnahme des Todes der Frauen zu verhindern suchte. Sie befindet sich westlich der Stadt Hofuf und ist eine pittoreske, ca. Aber auch radikale Islamisten wurden in der Vergangenheit des Nordirland polen tipp verwiesen. Heiratswillige Paare müssen sich Gen-Tests unterziehen. Muss ein neuer König ernannt werden, so tritt der Rat der Ältesten des Königshauses zusammen, um ihn zu ernennen. Oder sind Sie schon angemeldet? Die saudischen Behörden nahmen am Wassermangel und wenig fruchtbare Böden setzen der landwirtschaftlichen Nutzung natürliche Grenzen. März verbrannten in Mekka fünfzehn Mädchen, die versucht hatten, aus einer brennenden Schule zu entkommen. Sie hat Jura studiert, arbeitete aber viele Jahre book of ra cu misa de 900 als Praktikantin, bekam keine Arbeitserlaubnis. Einen Arbeitsplatz anzunehmen, wählen zu gehen oder mit anderen Männern zu interagieren. Ohne das Einverständnis eines männlichen Vormunds ging so gut wie nichts. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Diese Mit fuГџballwetten geld verdienen wurde zuletzt am 5. Es +12 eingegebenen Passwörter stimmen nicht überein. Menschenrechte sind betrally casino no deposit bonus Menschen aus humanistischer und aufgeklärter Sicht von Natur aus — von Beginn seiner Existenz casino chiemsee mitgegebene Rechte, trotzdem basiert ihre Einhaltung immer auf dem jeweiligen Rechtssystem eines Landes. In drei Ausschüssen stellen sie die stellvertretenden Vorsitzenden. Die Werke von Sayyid Qutb sind erlaubt, sie werden durch geistliche Autoritäten teils gelobt und teils kritisiert. Der König ist die höchste Revisionsinstanz und hat das Begnadigungsrecht. Ihr langfristiges Ziel ist die Verbesserung der Menschenrechtslage. Bitte hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und gute Belege einfügst. Pro Geburten gibt es 13 Fälle von Kindersterblichkeit sowie eine Müttersterblichkeit von 12 je Sie haben einen Adblocker aktiviert. Das neue Arbeitsgesetz stärkt die Rechte der Gastarbeiter: Nahezu überall in der Welt wäre das nichts aufregendes, eher eine ganz banale Sache. Ihre Aufgabe ist es, Menschenrechtsverletzungen zu dokumentieren und weiterzuleiten. In die beratende Versammlung, der vorher nur Männer angehört hatten, wurden im Juni erstmals sechs Frauen berufen. Bei Unruhen in einem überwiegend von Ausländern bewohnten Viertel Riads im November sind nach Polizeiangaben Menschen getötet worden.
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Nova Science Pub Inc. Islamism and Reform in Saudi Arabia". A Social Movement Theory Approach. The New York Times. Saudi Arabia urges US attack on Iran to stop nuclear programme.
Saudi Arabia and Gulf react with caution. US, Saudi drifting apart despite Obama visit. Saudi Arabia from Muhammad to the Present.
Egypt protests could spread to other countries. USAs Library of Congress. Saudi Arabian National Guard. Arms Sale to Saudi Arabia].
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. A history by Charles Gardner. The Islamic Quest for Nuclear Weapons. The Wall Street Journal.
Japan International Cooperation Agency. Bureau of Labor Studies. Twilight in the Desert: The Saudi Arabian Economy 2 udg. When privatization goes wrong.
Opportunities for Hong Kong. Hong Kong Trade Development Council. Saudi dissidents turn to YouTube to air their frustrations. A foreign Saudi plot to expose foreign poverty in foreign Saudi.
Education in Saudi Arabia. The Chronicle of Higher Education. This medieval Saudi education system must be reformed. Changing the Way Saudis Learn.
SR9 billion Tatweer project set to transform education. Airline Network News and Analysis. Shipping Ports in Saudi Arabia. Out of the comfort zone.
Gulf Labour Markets and Migration. Saudi authorities erect barriers on Yemeni border. Amnesty International calls for end to arrests and expulsions.
The Persecution of Ahmadis. Terrorism Monitor The Jamestown Foundation 3 Federation of American Scientists. Saudi Arabia extends hand of friendship to Pope.
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Islamkundliche Untersuchungen , Bd. German View all editions and formats Rating: Subjects Women -- Saudi Arabia -- Social conditions.
Women -- Social conditions. View all subjects More like this Similar Items. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private.
Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Classes are taught in English. The opening of the university caused public debate.
Al-Ghamdi said that hadith , the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, makes no references to gender segregation, and mixing is therefore permitted under Sharia.
There were many calls for and rumors of his dismissal. Technology is a central part of higher education for women.
Since there are few female lecturers, some universities use videoconferencing to have male professors teach female students without face-to-face contact.
The drop-out rate of girls increases around puberty, as they drop out of school upon marriage. Saudi Arabia was one of the few countries in the Olympics without a female delegation—although female athletes do exist.
In June , the Saudi Arabian Embassy in London announced that female athletes would compete in the Olympics in in London, England for the first time.
In , the Saudi government sanctioned sports for girls in private schools for the first time. In their article, "Saudi Arabia to let women into sports stadiums," Emanuella Grinberg and Jonny Hallam explain how the conservative Saudi adhere to the strictest interpretation of Sunni in the world.
Under their guardianship system, women can not travel or play sports without permission from their male guardians. Some of these strict rules in Saudi Arabia have started to change.
The Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman allowed women in every part of Saudi society to practice and ask for their rights. They were seated in a specific section for families.
Women must show the signed permission from a mahram close male relative—husband, son, father, uncle or grandson before she is free to travel, even inside Saudi Arabia.
Many of the laws controlling women apply to citizens of other countries who are relatives of Saudi men. Foreign-citizen women married to Saudi men, adult foreign-citizen women who are the unmarried daughters of Saudi fathers, and foreign-citizen boys under the age of 21 with a Saudi father.
In , Saudi women were first allowed to ride bicycles, although only around parks and other "recreational areas. Until June , women were not allowed to drive in Saudi Arabia, the only country in the world at the time with such a restriction.
Saudi Arabia has had no written ban on women driving, but Saudi law requires citizens to use a locally issued license while in the country.
Such licenses had not been issued to women, making it effectively illegal for women to drive. Critics rejected the ban on driving on the grounds that: On 6 November , 47 Saudi women, with valid licenses issued in other countries, drove the streets of Riyadh in protest of the ban on Saudi women drivers.
The women were suspended from jobs, had their passports confiscated, and were told not to speak to the press. About a year after the protest, they returned to work and recovered their passports, but they were kept under surveillance and passed over for promotions.
In , advocates for the right of women to drive in Saudi Arabia collected about 1, signatures, hoping to persuade King Abdullah to lift the ban, but they were unsuccessful.
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia said that he thought women would drive when the society was ready for it: I believe strongly in the rights of women.
My mother is a woman. My sister is a woman. My daughter is a woman. My wife is a woman. I believe the day will come when women will drive. In fact if you look at the areas of Saudi Arabia, the desert, and in the rural areas, you will find that women do drive.
The issue will require patience. In time I believe that it will be possible. I believe that patience is a virtue. And I hope that every woman that remains fighting for her rights receives them soon.
In September , a woman from Jeddah was sentenced to ten lashes by whip for driving a car. Previously when women were found driving they would normally be questioned and let go after they signed a pledge not to drive again.
Women are generally discouraged from using public transport. It is technically forbidden, but unenforced, for women to take taxis or hire private drivers, as it results in khalwa illegal mixing with a non- mahram man.
Where it is allowed, they must use a separate entrance and sit in a back section reserved for women;  however, the bus companies with the widest coverage in Riyadh and Jeddah do not allow women at all.
In early , the government began considering a proposal to create a nationwide women-only bus system. Starting in , ride-hailing company Careem started business in Saudi Arabia, with Uber arriving in the country in Women account for four-fifths of passengers for these ride-hailing companies.
The Saudi government has also supported these initiatives as a means of reducing unemployment and in its Vision initiative, has invested equity in both companies.
Ride-hailing has improved mobility for women and also promoted employment participation among them with its improved transport flexibility.
Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, with a Consultative Assembly shura of lawmakers appointed by the king. Prior to a September announcement by King Abdullah only men 30 years of age and older could serve as lawmakers.
According to his September announcement, women can now be appointed to the Consultative Assembly. In three women were named as deputy chairpersons of three committees.
They campaigned for the right to do so in the municipal elections, attempting unsuccessfully to register as voters. Women are allowed to hold position on boards of chambers of commerce.
In , two women were elected to the board of the Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry. In court, the testimony of one man equals that of two women.
Female parties to court proceedings generally must deputize male relatives to speak on their behalf. At age 1, Saudi men are issued identity cards they were required to carry at all times.
Women had to produce two male relations to confirm their identity. In , a small number of ID cards were issued for women who had the permission of their mahram.
The cards were issued to the mahram, not the women, and explained by the government as a way to fight forgery and fraud. In , women were allowed to enter hotels and furnished apartments without their mahram if they had their national identification cards.
Women do not need male permission to apply for the card, but do need it to travel abroad. However, the marriage contract is officially between the husband-to-be and the father of the bride-to-be.
Neither a man nor a woman can marry a non-Saudi citizen without official permission. Polygamy is legal in Saudi Arabia however it is believed to be in decline, especially in young people.
Domestic abuse in Saudi Arabia started to receive public attention in after a popular television presenter, Rania al-Baz , was severely beaten by her husband, and photographs of her "bruised and swollen face" were published in the press.
Violence against women and children in the home was traditionally not seen as a criminal matter in Saudi Arabia until That year the Prime Minister also ordered the government to draft a national strategy to deal with domestic violence.
In August , the Saudi cabinet approved a law making domestic violence a criminal offense for the first time. The law criminalizes psychological and sexual abuse , as well as physical abuse.
It also includes a provision obliging employees to report instances of abuse in the workplace to their employer. There are no laws defining the minimum age for marriage in Saudi Arabia.
Most religious authorities have justified the marriage of girls as young as nine and boys as young as fifteen.
It also negatively affects their health as they are at greater risk of dying from causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.
A news report documented the case of Shareefa, an abandoned child-bride. Shareefa was married to an year-old man when she was Her husband divorced her a few months after the marriage without her knowledge, and abandoned her at the age of The mother is attempting legal action, arguing that "Shareefa is now 21, she has lost more than 10 years of her life, her chance for an education, a decent marriage and normal life.
Who is going to take responsibility for what she has gone through? Female genital cutting is reported as rare, possibly occurring among minorities such as African immigrants.
In the Directorate General of Passports allowed Saudi women married to foreigners to sponsor their children, so that the children can have residency permits iqamas with their mothers named as the sponsors.
Iqamas also grant children the right to work in the private sector in Saudi Arabia while on the sponsorship of their mothers, and allow mothers to bring their children living abroad back to Saudi Arabia if they have no criminal records.
Foreign men married to Saudi women were also granted the right to work in the private sector while on the sponsorship of their wives on condition that the title on their iqamas should be written as "husband of a Saudi wife" and that they should have valid passports enabling them to return to their homes at any time.
Legally, children belong to their father, who has sole guardianship. If a divorce takes place, women may be granted custody of their young children until they reach the age of seven.
Older children are often awarded to the father or the paternal grandparents. Women cannot confer citizenship to children born to a non-Saudi Arabian father.
The inheritance share of women in Saudi is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. The Quran states that daughters should inherit half as much as sons.
Under Sharia law, generally enforced by the government, the courts will punish a rapist with anything from flogging to execution. As there is no penal code in Saudi Arabia, there is no written law which specifically criminalizes rape or prescribes its punishment.
There is no prohibition against spousal or statutory rape. Migrant women, often working as domestic helpers, represent a particularly vulnerable group and their living conditions are sometimes slave-like and include physical oppression and rape.
In some cases, victims of sexual assault are punished for khalwa, being alone with an unrelated male, prior to the assault.
In the Qatif rape case , an year-old victim of kidnapping and gang rape was sentenced by a Saudi court to six months in prison and 90 lashes.
She was also punished for trying to influence the court through the media. According to Human Rights Watch, one of the rapists filmed the assault with his mobile phone but the judges refused to allow it as evidence.
The United Nations criticized social attitudes and the system of male guardianship, which deter women from reporting crimes. The UN report argued that women are prevented from escaping abusive environments because of their lack of legal and economic independence.
They are further oppressed, according to the UN, by practices surrounding divorce and child custody, the absence of a law criminalizing violence against women, and inconsistencies in the application of laws and procedures.
The case prompted Egyptian-American journalist Mona Eltahawy to comment "What kind of God would punish a woman for rape?
That is a question that Muslims must ask of Saudi Arabia because unless we challenge the determinedly anti-women teachings of Islam in Saudi Arabia, that kingdom will always get a free pass.
In , the Saudi Gazette reported that a year-old unmarried woman was sentenced to one year in prison and lashes for adultery. She had been gang-raped, become pregnant, and tried unsuccessfully to abort the fetus.
The flogging was postponed until after the delivery. In , the Islamic Revolution in Iran led to a resurgence of fundamentalism in many parts of the Islamic world.
Fundamentalists sought to repel Westernization, and governments sought to defend themselves against revolution.
In Saudi Arabia, fundamentalists occupied the Grand Mosque Masjid al-Haram and demanded a more conservative Islamic state, including "an end of education of women.
Newspapers were discouraged from publishing images of women; the Interior Ministry discouraged women from employment, including expatriates. Scholarships for women to study abroad were declined.
Wearing the abaya in public became mandatory. In contrast, the 11 September attacks against the United States precipitated a reaction against ultra-conservative Islamic sentiment; fifteen of the nineteen hijackers in the September 11 attacks came from Saudi Arabia.
Since then, the mutaween have become less active, and reformists have been appointed to key government posts.
The government says it has withdrawn support from schools deemed extremist, and moderated school textbooks. The government under King Abdullah was regarded as moderately progressive.
Gender segregation was relaxed, but remained the norm. Critics described the reform as far too slow, and often more symbolic than substantive.
Conservative clerics have successfully rebuffed attempts to outlaw child marriage. The few female government officials have had minimal power.
Norah Al-Faiz, the first female cabinet member, will not appear without her veil, appear on television without permission, or talk to male colleagues except by videoconferencing.
It ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women , with the proviso that the convention could not override Islamic law.
However, government officials told the United Nations that there is no contradiction with Islam. The degree of compliance between government commitments and practice is disputed.
A report by the UN questioned whether any international law ratified by the government has ever been applied inside Saudi Arabia. Some of the female advisors appointed around — to parliament shurah stated that slow reform is effective.
Nora Alyousif, "The Saudi leadership is working hard on reform and supporting women Seventy years ago we were completely isolated from the world. The changes which are taking place are unmistakable, and we have finally started opening up.
Maha Almuneef said, "There are small steps now. There are giant steps coming. But most Saudis have been taught the traditional ways. She was the first woman to address a mixed-gender business audience in Saudi Arabia, speaking at the Jeddah Economic Forum in She used the occasion to advocate for economic equality: My vision is of a country with a prosperous and diversified economy in which any Saudi citizen, irrespective of gender who is serious about finding employment, can find a job in the field for which he or she is best qualified, leading to a thriving middle class and in which all Saudi citizens, residents or visitors to the country feel safe and can live in an atmosphere where mutual respect and tolerance exist among all, regardless of their social class, religion or gender.
It is highly punishable. Mixing of men and women is a reason for greater decadence and adultery. Wajeha al-Huwaider is often described as the most radical and prominent feminist activist in Saudi Arabia.
She described the goals of the organization: Among the issues that have been raised, and that are of the utmost importance, are: We need laws to protect women from these aggressions and violations of their rights as human beings.
This is our ultimate goal In Saudi Arabia registered its first female trainee lawyer, Arwa al-Hujaili,  who is also the first Saudi woman to attain an aircraft dispatcher license.
Sameera Aziz is the first Saudi media personality who aimed to make a Bollywood film after opening her production house in Bollywood.
Her goal was to make and direct her Bollywood movie Reem The True Story to showcase the twenty-first century Saudi lifestyle and Saudi women to the world.
She was highly appreciated by progressive Saudi minds and known as the first Saudi director in Bollywood. Saudis frequently debate how to bring about change.
Immediately following Operation Desert Storm in , Saudi women launched a campaign for more rights. Forty-seven women drove illegally through Riyadh, in protest against the ban on driving.
Activists presented a petition to King Fahd requesting "basic legal and social rights. Fundamentalists demanded strict punishment of the women who had driven in protest, and denounced activists as "whores.
Arguments in favour of slow change include those of history professor Hatoon al-Fassi. But we are proud to say that something is going on in Saudi Arabia.
We are not really free, but it is possible for women to express themselves as never before. Arguments in favour of faster change and more activism include those of Sumayya Jabarti, editor of the Arab News.
Jabarti says there are too many women with decision-making power who are like "queen bees," doing nothing to question the status quo.
Change is not coming, we are taking it I think we are building it through the route taken Most of the time, we are walking in place.
In —, Saudi women opposed mixed workplaces and women driving,  and a majority of women did not think women should hold political office.
Conservative cleric Mohsen al-Awajy says the country must resist secularization: They can do nothing without Islam. There is no Saudi Arabia without Islam.
Princess Loulwa Al-Faisal describes herself as a conservative, advocating change that is gradual and consistent with Islam. We are preserving it There are problems mostly with the way the law is interpreted, mostly in the courts, but those are changing.
For several decades, non-Saudi women suffered job discrimination because there was a popular belief that organizations and corporations were not allowed to hire non-Saudi women.
She argued that this was discrimination and that it would be in the interest of Saudi industry to employ non-Saudi women to fill personnel gaps.
In the Saudi government sanctioned sports for girls in private schools for the first time. A royal decree passed in May gave women access to government services such as education and healthcare without the need for the consent of a male guardian.
The order also stated that it should only be allowed if it does not contradict the Sharia system. Gender segregation has produced great enthusiasm for innovative communications technology, especially when it is anonymous.
Saudis were early adopters of Bluetooth technology, as men and women use it to communicate secretly. Saudi women use online social networking as a way to share ideas they cannot share publicly.
As one woman put it:. In Saudi Arabia, we live more of a virtual life than a real life. I know people who are involved in on-line romances with people they have never met in real life Some conservative clerics called for Facebook to be banned because it causes gender mingling.
One cleric called it a "door to lust" and cause of "social strife.
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Doing Business with Saudi Arabia. Here are the 10 countries where homosexuality may be punished by death. Raise Religious Freedom on Saudi Trip.
Nightmare in Saudi Arabia: The Plight of Foreign Migrant Workers. Saudi Arabian official filmed beating foreign workers with a belt as they visit passport office to get their visas.
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Die Stadt liegt eingebettet zwischen dem Meer und dem Asir-Gebirge. In Mekka leben rund 1,3 Millionen Menschen. Medina hat rund 1,75 Millionen Einwohner und ist die zweitheiligste Stadt der Muslime.
Sie liegt in der Mitte des Landes, westlich von Riad. Mohammed ist in Medina begraben, was die Stadt zu einem wichtigen Pilgerort macht.
Bild am Sonntag berichtete, dass der Bundessicherheitsrat am Euro aus Deutschland ein. Die Ausfuhren beliefen sich auf 0,9 Milliarden Euro.
Im Jahr sollen die ca. USD im April Dieser Kurs wurde jedoch nun deutlich angepasst. Ab sofort gibt es eine Mehrwertsteuer - und Benzin ist drastisch teurer.
Ein Liter Super kostet nun umgerechnet 45 Euro-Cent - mehr als doppelt so viel wie zuvor. Damit wolle man den schnellen Anstieg des Energieverbrauchs im Land bremsen, so das Ministerium.
Demnach soll in Saudi-Arabien bis ein Solarpark entstehen, der nach und nach auf eine Leistung von GW ausgebaut wird. Dollar an Stromkosten einsparen.
April trat ein neues Arbeitsgesetz in Kraft. Wichtigstes arbeitsmarktpolitisches Instrument darin ist das Saudisierungsprogramm , das die ca.
Eine strikte Visumpolitik begleitet dieses Programm. Besonders viel Wasser verbrauchen dabei die Pflanzen mit langen Vegetationsperioden Mais, Reis und die Milchwirtschaft.
US-Dollar notwendig, um den steigenden Verbrauch zu befriedigen. Den Hauptanteil der Kosten will die saudische Regierung aufbringen. Teile der Investitionen kommen aus der Privatwirtschaft.
So lag das Haushaltsdefizit bei 23,4 Mrd. USD auf 99,75 Mrd. In Deutschland waren es im selben Jahr 4,3 Tote. Insgesamt kamen damit 7. Die erste Eisenbahnstrecke war die heute stillgelegte Hedschasbahn.
Der Eisenbahnverkehr soll u. Die nationale Fluglinie ist Saudia. Sie ist Kilometer lang. Saudi-Arabien versucht, dem Rest der islamischen Welt ein Vorbild in der Auslegung des Korans und der durch die Scharia vorgeschriebenen Lebensart zu sein, was auch Erfolg zu haben scheint.
Dies zeigt sich in fast allen Bereichen des gesellschaftlichen Lebens, etwa auch im Kalender. Das Wochenende ist seit dem Juni am Freitag und Samstag, zuvor war der Donnerstag teilweise ein Ruhetag und der Freitag ein kompletter Ruhetag.
Kultur findet nur in einem sehr engen Rahmen statt. So kommt es oft vor, dass westliche Filme, Serien und Zeichentrickfilme an einigen Stellen zensiert oder geschnitten werden.
Kritik an der Regierung ist ebenfalls verboten und wird unterbunden. Oppositionelle Journalisten werden strafrechtlich verfolgt.
Im Zuge der "Vision " sollen bis dahin Kinos entstehen. Die Ehe wird nicht als Sakrament verstanden, sondern als ziviler Vertrag.
Dieser Vertrag soll von Zeugen unterschrieben werden, und legt eine gewisse Brautgabe fest, die von dem Mann an die Frau zu zahlen ist.
Der Ehevertrag kann auch eine bestimmte Summe festlegen, die im Falle einer Scheidung an die Frau zu zahlen ist, oder bestimmte andere Bedingungen festlegen, z.
Ein Mann hat das Recht, bis zu vier Frauen zu heiraten. Nach einer Scheidung muss die Frau mindestens vier Monate warten, um erneut zu heiraten.
Wie in der ganzen Gesellschaft herrscht Geschlechtertrennung: Neben den islamischen Wissenschaften liegt ein weiterer Schwerpunkt im Bereich der technischen Wissenschaften.
Es ist eine Kooperation mit zahlreichen westlichen und asiatischen Staaten geplant. September in der Leverkusener BayArena vor Liste der Provinzen Saudi-Arabiens.
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation. Antikorruptionskampagne in Saudi-Arabien Central Intelligence Service, abgerufen am General Authority for statistics — Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, abgerufen am November , abgerufen am Spiegel Online , August britisches Englisch.
International Organization for Migration. Shiism, dissent and sectarianism. Spiel mit dem Feuer des Konfessionalismus.
Dezember , internationale Ausgabe, S. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Secular and Religious Opposition in Saudi Arabia , in: State, Society and Economy in Saudi Arabia.
Religion and State in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Westview Press, Boulder , S. Januar , abgerufen am Eine kleine Revolution in Saudi-Arabien.
Dezember , abgerufen am Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons, Hopes to Work With Diverse Group.
Washington Post , DW World , Dezember , abgerufen am 5. Februar , abgerufen am Frau wegen "Hexerei" hingerichtet. April , abgerufen am 6.
Juli , abgerufen am 5. Der Standard , The Global Gender Gap Report Saudi-Arabien entdeckt das Frauenwahlrecht.
Zeit Online , 1. Woman Wins Battle for Neighborhood Park. Deutscher Rettungswagenfahrer in Saudi-Arabien: Vergewaltigungen, ausgesetzte Babys, verhungerte Bauarbeiter — alles Alltag.
Juni , abgerufen am Engagiert im Dienste der Frauen. September im Internet Archive In: Saudi Arabia job growth likely as woman driver ban ends.
Oktober , abgerufen am 5. Oktober , abgerufen am Januar , abgerufen am 5. September , abgerufen am Juni , abgerufen am 4. Religionspolizei erlaubt Frauen das Radfahren.
April , abgerufen am Cheney bettelt in Riad. Saudi-Arabien wirkt in arabischer Welt destabilisierend. Dezember , abgerufen am 2.
BND warnt vor Saudi-Arabien. Dezember , abgerufen am 8. November , abgerufen am 5. Arabische Liga kritisiert in Kairo Hamas und Fatah scharf.
Saudi-Arabien soll nicht an Nahost-Konferenz teilnehmen In: Dezember Memento vom 3. August im Webarchiv archive. Werben um Teilnahme Riads an der Nahost-Konferenz.
Saudi-Arabien schickt Waffen n-tv. September , abgerufen am 5. Januar , abgerufen am 3. Januar , abgerufen am 4.
Who-we-are , abgerufen 8. SIPRI, abgerufen am 5. Keine Waffenexporte mehr nach Saudi-Arabien? GTAI — Wirtschaftsdaten kompakt.
Global Competitiveness Index —